US and China. In contrast to the Cold War, which unequivocally prescribed Country Email List adherence to one of the two blocs for countries, as if it required exclusivity, the current dispute is handled in a more ambiguous manner. First, because the Country Email List two contenders are inextricably linked: US companies could not survive a day without cheap Chinese labor, and Chinese companies would go bankrupt if the US market closed. Second, China does not require ideological conversion to the Maoist faith (a faith it hardly practices Country Email List itself) before granting a swap ., grant credit or build a dam – which does not imply that none of this is free.
As Esteban Actis and Nicolás argue4, the link combines Country Email List rivalry with interdependence in a competition that is multidimensional: it manifests loudly in the commercial arena, but it also has a military side and ultimately hides a technological confrontation. It is this equivocal conflict that creates the conditions for the new rise of the left. More than a pendulum, which is the classic figure of Cold Country Email List War international relations Country Email List studies, it would be about building parallel agendas with the two giants: the classic "Western agenda" with the United States (cooperation in the fight against drug trafficking and terrorism) and an investment, infrastructure and trade agenda with China, today the first or second economic partner of almost all Latin American countries.
Juan Tokatlian defined the Latin American strategy as a "diplomacy of Country Email List equidistance"5, which the Chilean internationalists Carlos Ominami, Jorge Heine and Carlos Fortín seek to translate into a doctrine, which they call «active non-alignment»6. Country Email List Let's conclude. After a brief and turbulent period in which the liberal and conservative forces failed to build a hegemony in the style of neoliberalism in the 1990s, the Country Email List left is once again the protagonist of the Latin American political cycle. The global context has changed and the conditions are more hostile than those of the previous stage: in the wake of a devastating pandemic, with a lurking right wing and the risk of offering a reparative program that does not innovate.